Ein Tzur (Ramat HaNadiv)
The Ein Tzur aqueduct is one of the most complete discovered in Israel.
It is the only one in Israel from the 1st century BCE where water continues to flow as in the past.
The aqueduct begins inside an almost 50 meter long spring tunnel, At the innermost end of the tunnel, a spring feeds clear water into the system.
The aqueduct ends in a square bathing pool, with a capacity of about 250 cubic meter.
The pool served as a swimming pool for those who came to use the nearby bathhouse.
The bathhouse was built at the end of the 1st century BCE and was in use until the period of the Great Revolt in 70 CE.
This is a relativly small building for use by a few bathers.
The bathing rooms are arranged one next to the other.
Furthest to the west is the cold water room (frigidarium), containg a small pool for immersion in cold water.
Next to it is a passage room (tepidarium), leading to the hot water room (caldarium) which was heated by hot air flowing between the small pillars beneath the floor (hypocaust).
The furnace (praeforium) stood in the back room of the bathhouse.