Tower and stockade – Homa Umigdal

(Hebrew) (pronounced 'Homa oo migdahl)
Type of collective settlement built as a stronghold to withstand Arab attacks during the British Mandate period in 1936-39, during "the Arab Revolt" when the establishment of new Jewish settlements was restricted by the mandatory authorities. 

The British government’s attempts to freeze immigration and settlement in Eretz Israel aroused the need to find new methods of coping. 

The plan was to inhabit by Jews as much Jewish owned land as possible, particularly in remote areas, by establishing "facts on the ground", which would eventually be transformed into fortified agricultural settlements. 

All of the major settlement groups (mostly kibbutzim) took part in the campaign, which consisted of assembling a wooden tower crowned by a searchlight for observation and signaling, was constructed in the middle of the settlement, surrounded by a few huts. 

The entire area was enclosed by a wall, 1.80m. in height, built of two wooden fences, between which was a gravel infill as protection from bullets, usually in the course of a single night. 

Within less than three years, 55 new settlements were established from kibbutz Dan, in the North, to kibbutz Negba in the South.



• Kfar Hittim, 7 December 1936
• Tel Amal (now Nir David), 10 December 1936
• Sde Nahum, 5 January 1937
• Shaar HaGolan, 31 January. 1937
• Masada (kibbutz), 31 January. 1937
• Ginosar, 25 February 1937
• Beit Yoseph, 9 April 1937
• Mishmar HaShelosha, 13 April 1937
• Tirat Tzvi, 30 June 1937
• Bnei Brit (now Moledet (settlement)), 4 July 1937
• Ein HaShofet, 5 July 1937
• Ein Gev, 6 July 1937
• Maoz Hayyim, 6 July 1937
• Kfar Menahem, 27 July 1937
• Kfar Szold, 15 August 1937
• Tzur Moshe, 13 September 1937
• Usha, 7 November 1937
• Hanita, 21 March 1938
• Shavei Zion, 13 April 1938
• Sde Warburg, 17 May 1938
• Ramat Hadar, 26 May 1938
• Alonim, 26 June 1938
• Maale HaHamisha, 17 July 1938
• Tel Yitzchak, 25 July 1938
• Beit Yehoshua, 17 August 1938
• Ein HaMifratz, 25 August 1938
• Ma'ayan Tzvi, 30 August 1938
• Sharona, 16 November 1938
• Geulim, 17 November 1938
• Ayalon, 24 November 1938
• Neve Eitan, 25 November 1938
• Kfar Rupin, 25 November 1938
• Kfar Masaryk, 29 November 1938
• Mesilot, 22 December 1938
• Dalia, 2 May 1939
• Dafna, 3 May 1939
• Dan, 4 May 1939
• Sde Eliyahu, 8 May 1939
• Mahanayim, 23 May 1939
• Shadmot Devorah 23 May 1939
• Shorashim, 23 May 1939
• HaZor'im, 23 May 1939
• Tel Tzur, 23 May 1939
• Kfar Glickson, 23 May 1939
• Ma'apilim, 23 May 1939
• Mishmar HaYam, 28 May 1939
• Hamadiah, 23 June 1939
• Kfar Netter, 26 June 1939
• Negba, 12 July 1939
• Gesher, 13 August 1939
• Beit Oren, 1 October 1939
• Amir, 29 October 1939

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